You should know about the Alzheimer because Today is World Alzheimer’s Day

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Dr. R. K. Dhamija, Neurologist

Let us understand what is Alzheimer ?

Alzheimer’s is a neurodegenerative disease. This is a type of dementia that affects memory, thinking and behavior. Symptoms eventually grow severe enough to interfere with daily living activities. This is a progressive brain disorder that slowly destroys memory and thinking skills. One can face difficulty in remembering how to do transaction or simply how to cook or simply we can say difficulty in performing anything learnt in years.

How to diagnose Alzhemier ?

There is no standard test for this but doctors may simply ask common questions. Most common way to examine it is Mini mental examination which includes Common questionnaire about forgetfulness, confusion about figures, time and place or taking longer time to complete daily tasks. Mental status assessment to determine the level of mental deterioration
Alzheimer is one kind of dementia.

What triggers Alzheimer ?

There are some treatable causes of dementia. The most common cause of dementia- a continuous decline in thinking, behavioral, and social skills that disrupts a person’s ability to function independently. It is more common in people above the age of 60 but it can sometimes the early onset of Alzheimer’s can be noticed.
Dementia affects millions of people worldwide, with a new case of dementia occurring in the world every 3 seconds.


  • Mild forgetfulness, short-term memory loss, mood changes, irritability and anxiety. Problem during processing new information and learning new things.
  • Confusion about time and place is very common, communication difficulties, problem facing to perform daily tasks.
  • Difficulty recognizing people.
  • Shorter attention span and feelings of restlessness. Personality changes (eg: aggression, significant mood swings)
  • Requires increasing assistance with daily tasks.
  • This kind of Dementia is worse in the later stages.


  • This can only be prevented or controlled by mentally and physically healthy lifestyle not only during old ages but young age too. Doctors believe that the risk of Alzheimer’s is not limited to old age, but in fact can start in the brain long before symptoms are detected, often in early ages.
  • This lifestyle may include doing regular exercise healthy diet, quality sleep, stress management etc.

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