World Arthritis Day : Types, facts and diagnosis

World Arthritis Day is celebrated on 12th October every year It is observed to raise awareness about the Arthritis and the importance of adopting a healthy lifestyle around the world. The theme of the World Arthritis Day 2019 is Time2Work which will continue for the year 2020 as well. Arthritis affect both men and women but statistically it is more common in women.

Arthritis is the inflammation of one or more joints, causing pain and stiffness, restricting movement. This condition is responsible for the leading cause of disability among adults.

common Arthritis are :

  • Osteoarthritis : The most common form of arthritis. It initially affects the smooth cartilage lining of the joint, therefore making movement more difficult than usual, leading to pain and stiffness in the joints.
  • Gout : Caused by excess uric acid into the body. It causes intense pain, swelling and redness, usually affecting the big toe.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis : occurs when the body’s immune system targets affected joints, leading to pain and swelling. This may further lead to reshaped joints that may cause the joints and cartilage to break down.
  • Ankylosing spondylitis : A long-term inflammation of the bones muscles and ligaments of the spine. This is mainly postural and causes acute pain and discomfort while sitting or lying down.
  • Fibromyalgia : Causes pain in the body’s muscles, tendons.
  • Lupus : an autoimmune condition that can affect many different organs and the body’s tissues.

Facts about Arthritis :

  • Arthritis can affects children
  • Arthritis is common in women
  • It can lead to other lifestyle diseases like diabetes, heart conditions or obesity due to stiffness and lack of movement
  • There is no cure or treatment

Diet factor in Arthritis

  • Although there is no cure for arthritis, a vital way to tackle the condition is diet that can help slow down the condition along with regular exercise and physiotherapy.
  • Turmeric, fish, nuts and seeds, omega-3 rich food, vegetables, fruits, whole grains are some examples of foods that can help with the inflammation causing pain in the joints and making condition a little better.
  • Typical treatments include pain killers, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines, corticosteroids.

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